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[학사] [가족학] 저출산과 고령화에 대한 자료입니다.

하고 싶은 말

학사졸업논문입니다.

정리 잘 되어있구요.

표와 그림 짱입니다.

목차

❖ 서론 ······················································1

1. 연구의 필요성 ······················································1
2. 연구의 목적 ······················································1
3. 이론적 배경 ······················································1
(1) 저출산 ··················································1
① 경제학적 이론 ················································1
② 사회학적 이론 ················································2
③ 인구학적 이론 ················································2
(2) 고령화 ··················································2
① 노인 ················································2
② 노화 ················································3
③ 고령화 ················································4

❖ 본론 ······················································4

1. 저출산·고령화의 현황 ···················································4
(1) 우리나라 저출산 현황 ···············································4
(2) 우리나라 고령화 현황 ···············································4

2. 저출산·고령화의 문제점 ·················································5
(1) 저출산의 문제점 ··················································5
① 인구감소 ················································5
② 인구고령화 촉진 ················································6
③ 아이들의 소황제(小皇帝)화 ········································6
④보험재정 ················································7
⑤ 교육문제 ················································7
⑥ 성비불균형 ················································8
(2) 고령화의 문제점 ··················································9
① 노인부양비용의 증가 ··············································9
② 노동력의 고령화 ················································9
③ 재정수지 악화 ···············································10
④ 농촌노인 문제 ···············································10
⑤ 의료문제 ···············································10
⑥ 여성노인문제 ···············································11

3. 저출산·고령화의 원인분석 ··············································11
(1) 저출산의 원인분석 ·················································11
① 여성의 높은 교육수준과 경제활동 참여로 인한 초혼 연령의 증가 ····11
② 소자녀관의 확산과 자녀에 대한 사교육비 증가로 인한 경제적 부담이 증가
····12
③ 기혼여성의 사회진출로 인한 육아문제 ·····························13
④ 현실과 괴리가 큰 국가정책 ·······································13
⑤ 가족에 대한 인식변화 ············································14
(2) 고령화의 원인분석 ·················································15
① 출산율 저하 ···············································15
② 평균수명 연장 ···············································15

4. 저출산·고령화의 대책 ··················································15
(1) 저출산 대책 ·················································15
① 선진국 사례(프랑스) ·············································15
② 한국의 저출산 대책마련 ··········································16
(2) 고령화 대책 ·················································18
① 선진국 사례(스웨덴) ·············································18
② 한국의 고령화 대책마련 ··········································18


❖ 결론 ·····················································21

≪ 참고자료 ≫ ···························································21

본문내용

출산력의 저하와 수명의 연장으로 인한 인구구조의 노령화는 노동력의 수급은 물론 노인문제 등을 야기시키며, 따라서 사회복지의 차원에서 이에 대한 분석과 정책적인 고려가 매우 시급한 상황이다. 그러나 현재 우리나라에서 시행되고 있는 정책은 저출산 고령화에 대한 장기적인 대응 정책이라기 보다는 단순한 임기응변식 정책으로, 이로인한 부작용이 있는 있는 실정이다.
이에 본 논문은 빠른 속도로 진행되고 있는 저출산과 고령화의 원인분석을 통해 현재의 문제점을 제대로 파악하고, 앞으로의 장기적인 정책적 대안마련을 가능하게 하는 것에 그 목적이 있다고 할 수 있다.

참고문헌

네이버.
통계청.
연금생활종합정보지 공무원 연금.
인터뷰 - 현재 나이가 만 35세 이상이지만 결혼을 하지 않은 경우.
- 결혼한 지 10년이 지났지만 자녀가 한명뿐인 경우.
김수연(2004). 저출산 시대에 대비한 인구복지정책. 서울대 보건학 석사학위논문.
김정이(2004). 출산율 저하의 원인분석 및 대책에 관한 연구. 경희대 석사학위논문.
김태현(1994). 노년학. 교문사.
박동석 외(2003). 고령화 쇼크. 굿인포메이션.
변준한(2003). 기혼 유배우 여성의 자녀 수 결정요인 분석 -20~44세 기혼 유배우 여성을 대 상으로-. 고려대 석사학위 논문.
원정원(2004). 여성저출산의 실태 및 원인분석. 계명대 석사학위논문.
이현승·김현진(2003). 늙어가는 대한민국 -저출산 고령화의 시한폭탄-. 삼성경제연구소.
허윤정(2004). 고령화로 인한 노동시장의 변화와 대응과제. 한국노총 중앙연구원.
현외성 외(2005). 실버산업론. 학현사.
동아일보(2005. 01. 20). 빠르게 늙는 韓國.
동아일보(2005. 03. 02). 2020년쯤 가면 노동인력 부족.
동아일보(2005. 04. 09). ‘출산=혜택’ 믿음 줘야 아이 낳아요.
동아일보(2005. 06. 21). 日대학 ‘저출산 망령’ 현실로.
동아일보(2004. 10. 02). 빠르게 늙어버린 한국, 경제 주름살도 깊어져.

태그 저출산, 고령화, 대책마련

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이 문서는 한글워디안, 한글2002 이상의 버전에서만 확인하실 수 있습니다.

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