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[북한정치체제론, 북한 이데올로기론] What is `Military-First Politics` ?

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본문내용

What is 'Military-First Politics' ?
A Study on the Ruling Ideology of the Kim Jong Il Regime
선군정치란 무엇인가 -김정일 통치이데올로기 연구(영문)
Suh Okshik (서옥식)
The Graduate School of Politics & Policy
Kyonggi University, Seoul, Korea


The concept of 'Military-First Politics' has become a critical subject to understand Kim Jong Il's North Korea. A key word that can characterize North Korea under the Kim Jong Il regime is most likely 'Songun Chongchi', translated into Military-First Politics in English. If one were allowed to add another key word, the best candidate would be 'Gangsong Daeguk'(powerful and prosperous nation). These two ideas are, more or less, closely intertwined, for Military-First Politics is touted as the key instrument for building a powerful and prosperous nation.
'Songun' is a familiar term in today's North Korean propagandistic media, as is the fact that the North Korean society is highly militarized. In the joint New Year's Day editorial of 2006 the term Songun is mentioned as frequent as 42 times, a number that outbeats any other word in the editorial. It is also noteworthy to recognize that in most cases, the term is used as an adjective rather than a noun ― such as Military-First Politics, Military-First Ideology, Military-First Principle, Military-First Doctrine, Military-First Theory, Military-First Era, Military-First Leadership, Military-First Revolutionary Line, Military-First Revolutionary University, Military-First Korea and even Military-First Hairstyle.
The concept, 'Songun', is defined as prioritizing military affairs as the greatest state affair, strengthening the main agent of the revolution, promoting national defense and socialist construction as a whole with the People's Army as the main foundation. The essence of Songun politics is to ensure the security of the nation and the revolutionary gains by strengthening the People's Army as an invincible revolutionary armed forces.

참고문헌

Barany, Zoltan, Soldiers and Politics in Eastern Europe, 1945-90, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.
Bernstein, Eduard, The Crisis of Marxism(편집및 서문 김수행), 도서출판 새날, 1990.
Cohen, G. A., Karl Marx's Theory of History, Princeton, 1980.
Cornell, Erik, North Korea under Communism, Routhedge/Curzon, 1st edition, 2002.
Cumings, Bruce, The Origines of the Korean War: Liberation and the Emergence of Separate Regimes 1945-1947, Princeton: Princeton Press, 1981.
Cumings, Bruce, The Origines of the Korean War: Vol.Ⅱ: The Roaring of the Cataract 1947-1950, Princeton: Princeton Press, 1990.
Cumings, Bruce, Korea's Place in the Sun: A Modern History, W.W. Norton and Co., 1998.
Cumings, Bruce, North Korea: another country, New York: New Press, 2004.
Cumings, Bruce, Abrahamian, Ervand, and Ma'oz Moshe, Inventing the Axis of Evil: The Truth About North Korea, Iran and Syria, New York: New Press, 2004.
Engels, F., Anti-Duhring, Peking: Foreign Language Press, 1976.
Eberstadt, Nicholas.

태그 military, politics, ideology, Kim Jongil, Suh Okshik

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이 문서는 한글워디안, 한글2002 이상의 버전에서만 확인하실 수 있습니다.

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